What are the Different Types of Depression?


All of us will deal with depression at some point in our lives. In some cases, depression is temporary and goes away over time. In other circumstances, depression can be chronic and get in the way of our ability to enjoy life.

There are many different types of depression and determining which type is affecting patients can be instrumental in helping doctors find the necessary treatments. This article will review the different types of depression that can be diagnosed and discuss St. Louis TMS and other treatment options.

Major Depression

Also known as classic depression and unipolar depression, major depression is fairly common. People with major depression will experience symptoms for most of the day every day. These symptoms can occur even to those who have a dream job, lots of friends, and tons of money. They have little to do with what is happening in a person’s life and are largely due to their internal mental state.

Persistent Depression

Persistent depression typically lasts years at a time. When a person is going through persistent depression, feelings of sadness may increase and decrease. Therefore, this condition is not as intense as major depression. However, it can still be damaging to relationships.

Bipolar Disorder

Bipolar disorder or manic depression is characterized by alternating states of depression and elation. Those with bipolar disorder will experience episodes of mania that can last seven days or more unless medical treatment is used to control it. In extreme cases, manic depression can be accompanied by hallucinations and delusions.

Depressive Psychosis

Those with depressive psychosis will go through periods where they lose touch with reality. Patients may experience hallucinations and delusions. They may also have physical symptoms like problems sitting still and slowed movements.

Perinatal Depression

Perinatal or postpartum depression occurs during pregnancy or within four weeks after the baby is born. The hormonal changes that occur during pregnancy or after giving birth lead to mood swings which can be worsened with the stress of a new child. As a result, women may have difficulty caring for themselves and their child and may consider self-harm or harming their child.

If you are experiencing depression, determining the type of depression you have will help you find the best treatment options. Often, anti-depressants will improve symptoms, but if they are not effective, you may consider alternative therapies like St. Louis TMS (Transcranial Magnetic Simulation).

TMS is a treatment that uses magnetic fields to stimulate the area of the brain where depression originates. Patients who have used this treatment have seen a significant reduction in their symptoms and, in some cases, complete remission has occurred.

GatewayTMS are leaders in St. Louis TMS treatment. They are known for providing state of the art Neurostar technology. They have a staff of expert, caring technicians who make their patient’s wellbeing a priority. They offer spa-like treatment rooms and they accept most insurance plans.

Depression can greatly reduce the quality of life. Don’t let it get in the way of your happiness. Talk to your doctor to find out which options will work for you.